The Department of Agriculture (abbreviated as DA; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Agrikultura), is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for the promotion of agricultural and fisheries development and growth. The Philippines is known for producing a variety of crops such as rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, and mangoes. [13] In 1989, it was estimated that between 25 percent and 33 percent of the population was at least partly dependent on coconuts for their livelihood. 2. In the past, spending has gone mostly toward price supports for selected crops and goods, as well as subsidies on inputs such as fertilizer, planting materials, and machines. In the field of Philippines agriculture, there are unimaginable possibilities. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. To make matters worse, the Philippines is notoriously vulnerable to natural disasters, facing around 20 typhoons each year. [19], There are an estimated 458,000 families dependent upon the cultivation of rubber trees. In 2010, palay accounted for 21.86% percent of gross value added in agriculture and 2.37% of GNP. These are some of the problems we think that needs an urgent solution. “With the exception of a few small natural resource-rich countries, no country has successfully transitioned from middle- to high-income status without having achieved an effective transformation of their agri-food systems. Government support can help overcome this market failure by bringing together buyers and producer organizations and providing support for the preparation and implementation of profitable business plans that benefit both parties. Agri-tourism, also called as farm tourism is an activity done in rural areas, where all stages of agriculture … These direct payments have many advantages, such as giving farmers more choices and encouraging private sector development in upstream (inputs and agricultural services) and downstream (processing, marketing) markets, thereby helping farmers connect to these markets and opportunities. The continuous development of the sector led to the production of various agricultural commodities. The Context. In 2018, the agricultural sector's GDP growth in the Philippines was approximately 0.9 percent. In a bid to be more accessible to farmers and fishermen, state-run Land Bank of the Philippines (LandBank) had set up different ‘Agri-Hubs’ across the country. It consists of forestry, crop production, livestock farming, and aquaculture cultivation. [16] The Philippines was in the top three banana producing countries in 2010, including India and China. There were at least 31 million male and female Filipinos involved in agriculture in 2013, but it decreased to 29.1 million in 2015. [10], Coconuts plays an important role in the national economy of the Philippines. There have been issues in the past for and against it and we want to clarify these issues to shed light on the controversy. Despite the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the adverse impacts of recent typhoons in the Philippines, the agriculture sector is still projected to grow by 2.5 percent this year.. Also, the Department of Agriculture (DA) reported less than 1 percent growth for the farm industry in 2020 even if it has been considered the “most challenging year for the Philippine agriculture sector.” Titled “Transforming Philippine Agriculture During COVID-19 and Beyond,” the report was prepared by WB as its support to the Department of Agriculture’s “new thinking” on agricultural development. Improved varieties of rice developed during the Green Revolution, including at the International Rice Research Institute based in the Philippines have improved crop yields. Agriculture is dying. MANILA, September 9, 2020— Transforming Philippine agriculture into a dynamic, high-growth sector is essential for the country to speed up recovery, poverty reduction and inclusive growth, according to the latest report released by the World Bank. World Bank's support to the Philippines includes long-running programs aiming to raise agricultural productivity and reduce poverty in rural communities. [2] The Philippines was also the world's largest rice importer in 2010. “Realizing this vision will require dedicated efforts among major agri-fishery industry stakeholders, led by the Department of Agriculture, to continuously empower farmers, fisherfolk, agricultural entrepreneurs, and the private sector to increase agricultural productivity and profitability, taking into account sustainability and resilience.”. Agriculture in the Philippines employs 27.7% of the Filipino workforce as of 2017 , according to the World Bank Relative to that, there is a need to diversify crop production in the Philippines as about 80 percent of the country’s farmlands are devoted to only three crops: rice, corn, and coconut. This dossier provides economic figures on the agriculture sector in the Philippines. (Table 1 and Figure 1) Map of the Philippines showing the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. Several projects are in the pipeline to help raise agricultural productivity, resiliency and access to markets of farmers and fisherfolk in selected ancestral domains in Mindanao and improve management of coastal fishery resources in selected coastal communities. The new strategic vision for the agricultural sector is a food-secure and resilient Philippines with prosperous farmers and fisherfolk. Titled “Transforming Philippine Agriculture During Covid-19 and Beyond,” the report says that transforming the country’s farming … Agriculture is the primary source of income for poor rural people, and the only source for many of the poorest households. Rubber is mainly planted in Mindanao, with some plantings in Luzon and the Visayas. Agriculture is one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate change. These are some of the problems we think that needs an urgent solution. PHILIPPINES: Vibrant Agriculture is Key to Faster Recovery and Poverty Reduction MANILA, September 9, 2020—Transforming Philippine agriculture into a dynamic, high-growth sector is essential for the country to speed up recovery, poverty reduction and inclusive growth, according to the latest report released by the World Bank. The report, which was prepared as part of World Bank support to the Department of Agriculture’s “new thinking” in agricultural development, suggests shifting away from a heavy focus on specific crops towards improving the overall resilience, competitiveness, and sustainability of the rural sector. The FAO report looks at rural livelihood and agricultural market chains as a critical component of the country’s food security capacity, and the related effects to it of the community … Eastern Visayas, the second largest producer had 24% and the Davao Region, the third largest producer had 11% of the total production. Agriculture is a main driver of the Philippine economy and for 2012, the government increased the agriculture and agrarian reform budgets by over 50% to boost food production. Agriculture in the Philippines employs 27.7% of the Filipino workforce as of 2017[update], according to the World Bank [1], The Philippines is the 8th largest rice producer in the world, accounting for 2.8% of global rice production. Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development, FULL REPORT: Transforming Philippine Agriculture during COVID-19, Opening Remarks by Country Director Nidame Diop, Environmental and Social Policies for Projects. In 1946, about a third of the economy (29.7 percent) was agricultural, but the share of agriculture to the economy has declined over the years.In 2012, it is now contributing merely 11.1 percent to the economy. Global experience shows that while ensuring the availability of key inputs remain important, reorienting significant public spending toward investments in public goods—including research and development (R&D), infrastructure, innovation systems, market information systems, and biosecurity systems—results in faster poverty reduction and greater productivity gains through an overall modernization of agriculture. Although the Philippines has not resorted to completely ban the use of synthetic chemicals in animal farming, the country is set to go all natural in agriculture through Republic Act 10068 that aims to strengthen the state’s policy to promote, propagate, develop further and implement the practice of organic agriculture. Agriculture's share of the Philippine gross domestic product in 1987 (28.5 percent) was almost the same as it was in 1970 (World Bank, 1989b). [10] Sugar became the most important agricultural export of the Philippines between the late eighteenth century and the mid-1970s. This is somewhat but not remarkably higher than growth rates in the 1980s and 1990s but far below those of the 1970s (averaging 5.4%). [15] The Philippine Rural Development Program (PRDP) and the Department of Agriculture reported that in 2009-2013, Bicol Region had 39% share of Philippine abaca production while overwhelming 92% comes from Catanduanes Island. [6], Rice production in the Philippines has grown significantly since the 1950s. The agriculture sector provides profitable opportunities considering the bountiful natural resources and vast arable lands in the Philippines. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. 600,000 farm households are employed in different businesses in the corn value chain. In 2015, sustainable agriculture in the Philippines was recognized out of 11 participating ANSOFT nations with the “Outstanding Country” award. Growth rate of agriculture has averaged just under 3%. The Philippines Sustainable Agriculture And Environment In Humid Tropics National Academies Press. But the country’s new vision for agriculture, it’s current thrust for diversification and use of modern technologies, and its effective management of food supply during this pandemic clearly indicate that the country is well-equipped to overcome the challenge.”, “Our vision is a food-secure and resilient Philippines with prosperous farmers and fisherfolk,” Agriculture Secretary William Dar said. More than half of the Philippines’ 100 million people live in rural areas, and more than a third of them are poor. Philippine region to sugarcane production was also the world Bank Group works in major... 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